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Helping your child with Telling the Time

The dreaded Maths Unit! This is always something I struggled with as a child, and it is often an area that children find difficult due to its abstract nature. We hear many "1 past 3"s and "50 to 9"s. Teaching time is a long process and cannot be taught in one night/one go! Obviously, the notes I have written below are quite wordy, but it may be helpful to use the same sort of terminology to help the children to understand.

Here's a few pointers we use in class and the sort of 'learning process' we go through:

 

1. They need to know and understand the concept of how many hours in a day, minutes in an hour and seconds in a minute. This will really help and is also a curriculum objective.

2. To understand the long hand is the minute hand and the short hand is the hour hand. (I teach the children to remember it as 'minute' is the longer word so it is the longer hand). At this point its a good idea to write on the hours (numbers in the middle).

TEACH O'CLOCK - Key points: short/hour hand is the o'clock/hour, minute hand on the 12/60 minutes/the hour/o'clock.

3. Draw an empty clock. Draw a line to cut the clock in half. If theres 60 minutes all the way around the clock, how many minutes is it to half way (30 minutes).

TEACH HALF PAST- Key points: short/hour hand half way past the hour, minute hand on the 6/30 minutes.

4. Now show a quarter. What's a quarter of 60? We can halve it and halve it again to find 1/4 of 60 (15 minutes). Draw these minutes around the clock (15, 30 and 45). Children need to know that 60 minutes is the hour/o'clock.

TEACH QUARTER PAST - Key points: short/hour hand past the hour, minute hand on the 3/15 minutes.

4. Colour in each side of the clock a different colour. Write past on one side, to on the other to remind them that one side is going past the hour (o'clock), and the other side is on the way to the hour (or until the hour/o'clock).

5. Now show three quarters of the clock, which only needs to travel another quarter of the clock to reach the whole hour. This means there's quarter of the clock until/to the next hour (quarter to, 45 minutes or 15 minutes to).

TEACH QUARTER TO- Key points: short/hour hand past the hour, minute hand on the 9/45 minutes.

6. Can the children fill in the missing minutes? See if they can spot the five minute increments.

TEACH 5 minute increment 'past'- Key points: short/hour hand past the hour, minute hand covers the hour/big number because it doesn't mean the big number, it means the secret minutes that the clock doesn't tell you! e.g. 1 means 5 minutes, 2 means 10 minutes.

7. When the minute hand goes past the 6/30 minutes, it moves to the 'to' side. We have to count how many minutes it is until the next hour, and counting in 5's really helps.

TEACH 5 minute increment 'to'- Key points: short/hour hand past the hour, minute hand covers the hour/big number because it doesn't mean the big number, it means the secret minutes that the clock doesn't tell you! e.g. 8 means 540 minutes or 20 minutes until the next hour minutes, 10 means 50 minutes or 10 minutes until the next hour.

The key with this is getting the children to count how many minutes UNTIL the next hour.

DON'T WORRY ABOUT THE 24 HOUR CLOCK!

There are lots of board games out there to play, but the best thing is to have their own watch! We are always asking the children what the time is in class and this is the best way to learn so that they understand the concept of time, when things happen, and they become motivated to tell the time so they can work out how long it is until something they enjoy happens e.g. home time!

 

Here are some online games you might find helpful:

http://flash.topmarks.co.uk/5262

I hope this is of use to some of you!

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Our Location

 
  Our Address:
Tewin Cowper C of E Primary School
Cannons Meadow,
Tewin,
Hertfordshire.
AL6 0JU
Telephone:
01438 717378
Fax:
01438 718586
Email:
admin@tewincowper.herts.sch.uk
 

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